Bandhu Shava working on anti-tobacco activities at Sadar in Gazipur

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No – 1 Sadar upazila, Gazipur.

Strengthen coordination and cooperation with Samokal Surid Bandhu Shava working on Anti-tobacco  activities in project areas to ensure their involvement and participation in project implementation and sustainability.

presented Following Tobacco Control issues:
1. Tobacco Situation in Bangladesh
2. Health Impact on Tobacco using.
3. Environment and Economical Impact on Tobacco using.

1. Tobacco Situation in Bangladesh
• 23% of adult aged 15 years or above smoke tobacco in Bangladesh (44.7% males and 1.5 females.
• The smoking rate in rural areas is slightly higher (23.6%) than in urban areas (21.3%).
• In Bangladesh, 27.2% (25.9 million) of the adult population currently use smokeless tobacco. Prevalence is similar in males (26.4%) and females (27.9%).
• Overall, current tobacco use (smoking or smokeless) among all adults is 43.3% (41.3 million).
• There are 57,000 tobacco related mortalities and 382,000 disabilities occurring in Bangladesh every year (WHO, 2007).

2. Health Impacts on Tobacco using

• Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, and pancreatic cancer).
• It also causes peripheral vascular disease and hypertension, all developed due to the exposure time and the level of dosage of tobacco. Furthermore, the earlier and the higher level of tar content in the tobacco filled cigarettes causes the greater risk of these diseases.

3. Environment and Economical Impact on Tobacco using

• Tobacco plants use more nutrients than many other crops, degrading the soil.
• Vast quantities of pesticides, fertilizer and herbicides are used on tobacco crops. Some crops requires over a dozen applications of pesticides during the three-month growing period.
• Tobacco use caused a net loss of BDT 26,000 million to the economy of Bangladesh in 2004.
• Each year a total of 1,200,000 people are infected in the 8 major tobacco related diseases.
• Assuming that only 25 percent of these patients are admitted in the hospitals, the total loss in terms of public expenditure in health is about BDT 50,000 million.

Date & Time : 06 th August 2015
Venue : Udawon  Jubo Shango Club Office, Sadar, Gazipur.
Presided By : Mr.Md Abdus Sabur, President, Udawon  Jubo Shango Club Office, Sadar, Gazipur.

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